Human papilloma virus


Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a viral infection that’s passed between people through skin-to-skin contact. There are over 100 varieties of HPV, more than of which are passed through sexual contact and can affect your genitals, mouth, or throat.

Human papilloma virus is the primary causative agent for cervical cancer, and vaccination is the primary means of preventing anogenital cancers caused by human papilloma virus infection. Sinonasal inverted papilloma (SIP) is a relatively rare disease, and its etiology is not understood.

Human papilloma virus (HPV) affects predominantly the genital area, which includes vagina, cervix, penis, vulva scrotum, rectum and anus. Among 100 types of HPV, 14 types are considered to cause the risky cancer. The gene HPV-16 E7 is responsible for the development of cancer with the infected women. Human papilloma virus (HPV) infection is the main cause for cervical cancer, containing HPV in up to 99.7% of cervical carcinomas. In contrast, the role of HPV infection in the pathogenesis of penile cancer remained unclear for a long time. More recent reports suggest an association of HPV to penile cancer of 22–66% depending on different histological subtypes of the penile cancer.

HPV vaccines can prevent the most common types of infection To be most effective, they should be used before the onset of sexual activity and are therefore recommended between the ages of nine and Cervical cancer screening, such as the Papanicolaou test ("pap smear"), or examination of the cervix after applying acetic acid, can detect both early cancer and abnormal cells that may develop into cancer.Screening allows for early treatment which results in better outcomes. Screening has reduced both the number of cases and the number of deaths from cervical cancer. Warts can be removed by freezing.


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Virology: Current Research
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